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James Webb Space Telescope Will Soon Be Operational

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) developed the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) to gain a comprehensive range of investigation across the field of cosmology and astronomy. It collaborated with Canadian Space Agency and European Space Agency, and the project has been ongoing since 1996.

Scientists have built the JWST to have the ability to disclose and identify the details of the first light in the universe, expose infrared radiation, travel to gravitationally stable L2-Sun orbit, and also built a large surface area that can collect images with sharper resolutions.

The JWST, formerly known as the Next Generation Space Telescope (NGST), recently achieved another milestone after it was released from a three-month cooling down test. The telescope was placed in a chamber that had a temperature range of 20 to 40 K. Experts say it would allow them to see if the telescope could withstand the temperature in the outer space or not, and it did. The test was done inside a huge vacuum chamber at the Johnson Space Center.

The telescope can also be used for the future exploration of brown dwarfs, which scientists refer to as objects in the space that are too small to be stars and too big to be called planets.

Its existence has been a point of interest for scientists, even calling in a “mystery” in the outer space.

NASA’s four Great Observatories Program consists of massive telescopes that were launched in the outer space between 1990 and 2003, and JWST is positioned to become one of them. It was made to examine a particular energy region of the electromagnetic spectrum using various technologies.

The following space telescopes are part of the Great Observatories Program:

  • Hubble Space Telescope
  • Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory
  • Spitzer Space Telescope
  • Chandra X-ray Observatory

Reports have suggested that JWST is going to be the successor of the Hubble Space Telescope. The massive telescope has gone through other testing like the following:

  • The alignment of its 18 primary mirror segments in order to see if they would act as a single, 6.5-meter telescope.
  • The assessment of JWST’s fine guidance system in order to check if it can detect the light and track the movement of the stars.

In spite of being successful with the temperature cooling test, the massive telescope still needs to go through two remaining assessments before the big launch, which will happen after the Spring of 2019.

One of the tests will happen in February. The JWST is expected to be transferred to Ellington Field in Houston. There, the massive telescope will fly aboard a C-5 aircraft, which will head to Northrop Grumman’s facilities in Los Angeles, California to test if the sunshield installed onto it will be deployed properly. The sunshield needs to survive the vibrations produced in the launch.

And the last assessment will take place in French Guiana where JWST is going to aboard an Ariane 5 rocket for its launching.

Just like all scientific tests, the JWST has also encountered obstacles along the way. There was a time when the launching had to be postponed because the installation of different space elements to the telescope took too much time and work.

Thomas Zurbuchen, the Associate Administrator for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate at Headquarters in Washington said, that “The change in launch timing is not indicative of a hardware or technical malfunction. Engineers have determined that integration activities, such as the installation of more than 100 sunshield membrane release devices, will require more time.”

The problem has forced NASA and its partners to not just delay the launch date in 2018 but to also increase its budget from $1.6 billion to $10 billion .

For years, the James Webb Space Telescope has had its share of ups and downs. But because of the following successful results from the tests, everyone now has hopes that JWST will finally be deployed to the outer space in 2019. The launch is expected to create a bold impact to future research and discoveries.

Facebook and What It Might Be in the Future

Mark Zuckerberg, Founder and CEO of Facebook, expressed that the reason he created the social media site was that he wanted a medium where people could go and learn things about others. He said it’s not what was portrayed in the movie “The Social Network”, unfortunately.

Facebook has since then become a phenomenon. The 12-year-old social media network connected people in ways they never would have imagined, and it continues to evolve and innovate from time to time. But not all success stories will end on a good note. Some will hit rock bottom, and might even stay there forever.

The Present

From becoming the number one social media platform for people around the globe to having a market high 54% of stocks, there is no doubt that Facebook has a lot to offer. It even made it to the big five tech stock such as Facebook, Apple, Amazon, Netflix and Alphabet or what is more popularly known as FAANG.

The FAANG Stocks consist of the following:

  • Facebook – Established in 2004, Facebook functions as an online social networking site that lets people interact, discover, and share information with one another.
  • Apple – Apple designs, manufactures, and markets different electronic products. Timothy Cook is the CEO of the company, which was founded in 1976.
  • Amazon – The Washington-based online retail platform sells household appliances, electronic products, apparels, and books. Jeffrey P. Bezos is the Chairman and CEO of Amazon.
  • Netflix – Founded in 1997, the California-based company is a global internet television network that streams movies and TV shows. Netflix is headed by Reed Hastings.
  • Alphabet – Alphabet owns and runs some companies that are tied to Google. Larry Page is the CEO of the California-based company, which was established in 2015.

These companies are the five best performing and most popular tech stocks in the market as of today. Wall Street grouped the FAANG Stocks in order to know their impact on the markets and the society.

Facebook and the other FAANG Stocks have a total market capitalization of $2.415 trillion, which is equivalent to 13% of the size of stocks in the U.S. economy.

Experts say that the leading social media network has the ability to take the FAANG Stocks to its prime, especially now that Facebook is starting to monetize its subsidiary, Instagram, a photo-sharing application.

Everything seems to go smoothly for Facebook, but the blockbuster profits and amazing market growth might have taken a toll on it.

The Future

Facebook had a perfect start when it came out in February 2004, but now, ‘fake news’ controversies are beginning to haunt it. Many became aware of the existence of fake news when groups from Russia were said to have spent $100,000 just to propagate fake news posts on Facebook during the U.S. 2016 election.

The company promised to hire more people in order to check, edit, and monitor the things that are being posted on the site. Facebook’s operating expenses will also rise for about 60% in 2018 because of this issue.

The fake news controversy definitely made people think twice about the accuracy level of Facebook. And it is not the only issue that the social media network is facing at the moment.

Other unfavorable things that Facebook unintentionally offers to the society are the following:

  1. False sense of connection
  2. The negative impact of cyber-bullying
  3. The suspicious security measures on privacy
  4. The future decrease in its productivity

Experts even emphasized that the direct hit Facebook is receiving from these issues will have a negative impact on the society in the next 10 years. This might lead to users abandoning the site for good.

Facebook is currently experiencing the glory days of having high market values and even continuous growth on its user base. But in spite of hitting the road to success, the leading social media network might soon find itself falling when issues like the ones mentioned are not given the proper solutions. And if that happens, experts just might declare a tou·ché.